DIABETES: An Introspection

Diabetes is considered as the most epidemic disease or condition with total world population rising steadily from 108 million in 1980 to almost 4 times to 422 million in 2014. India alone houses approximately 30% total world diabetic population with over 72 million till 2017.  

The two types of Diabetes is more prevalent:

  1. Type I (Insulin Dependant) – It comes under category of Autoimmune Diseases because there is permanent damage to pancreatic cells which produce insulin by our own immune system. So there is absence of Insulin and hence you have to take insulin externally for lifetime to survive. It is Non Curable except the option of pancreatic transplant. 
  2. Type II (Non Insulin Dependant) – This is the most common type of Diabetes and it accounts to more 90% of Total Diabetics. It is characterised by stages in which stage is Insulin Resistance where body is producing enough quantity of Insulin but somehow the receptor cells are unable to recognise its signal and not able to utilise it optimally. This stage causes causes the extra sugar to be either converted to Triglycerides or store as fat for later use. There are particular symptoms of Insulin Resistance such as High Triglyceride levels, black rough skin on elbows or ankles, or black skin around neck & high blood pressure. One or any one of symptoms are present but insulin resistance can happen with muscle cells or liver cells. Some people can be lean but still have insulin resistance in liver cells rather than in muscle cells. Once Insulin Resistance is set in the blood sugar levels keep fluctuating and also become as risk for metabolic disroder or obesity as well. The higher fat accumulation then affect leptin signalling also which is hormone for satiety, hunger and keep the body weight in check. 

Common symptoms of Diabetes Type II 

  • Excessive thirst and/or urination 
  • Recuurent UTI infections 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Binging or overeating 
  • Fatigue 
  • Slow wound healing 
  • Obesity 
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet 

Sugar & Fructose: Major cause of Diabetes Type II

Fructose consumption in different forms is major concern where the sugar is present in almost everything which has been processed and packed to enhance its taste whether its cookies, soda, breads or baby foods. The most common form of fructose is HCFS (high fructose corn syrup) which is used as a sugar in almost every processed food. The fructose can have multiple side effects apart from causing obesity and insulin resistance such as:

  • Cause Fatty liver even if you are coming alcohol because it is processed like alcohol by the body 
  • Insulin resistance which is cause for obesity, heart disease & cancers
  • Elevate Uric acid, a known marker for inflammation, heart disease and kidney issues 

Drugs are not the solution and most of Anti Diabetic drugs can worsen the condition. As you can see it is all connected to diet and lifestyle. If we change the way we eat and be more active we can reverse the Diabetes Type II completely without drugs. 

Diabetes Type II is not a sugar Diseases rather its related to Insulin Resistance & Leptin Signalling. 

A study published in New England Journal of medicine also showed that there is almost 43% increased risk of heart attack & 64% higher risk of cardio vascular death with a very famous anti diabetic drug Roziglitazone. 

A study on Pioglitazone, a well known Anti diabetic drug also confirms the increased risk of obesity, bone fracture and heart failure.  

Simple Ways to Reverse Diabetes Type II 

  1. Exercise 
  2. Eliminate Grains and Sugars
  3. Expose to Sunlight 
  4. Work on your Sleep 
  5. Optimise your GUT
  6. Eat Wholesome Foods 
  7. Cover Nutritional Deficiencies 
  8. Eat your Meals on time 
  9. Do Intermittent Fasting 
  10. Lower Stress 

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