Thyroid Gland and Hormones
Thyroid Gland is one of the most important glands of the body, which controls the metabolic rate, the rate at which our cells burn energy. Thyroid gland is under the control of Thryotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH) produced by the hypothalamus in the brain. The TRH stimulates pituitary gland to produce TSH which then triggers thyroid gland to produce T4 (thyroxine) & T3 (triidothyronine). T4 (inactive form) is produced in large quantities and thus T4 has to be converted into T3 (active form) in the liver by certain enzymes. It is T3, the active one which then signals the cells and regulate metabolism. Levels of T3 is constantly monitored by hypothalamus as when T3 level goes low it releases TRH again, which then stimulates pituitary to produce TSH and the cycle goes on.
When there is excess of thyroid hormones, it is known as Hyperthyroidism while inadequate levels of the same is known as Hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is more prevalent than hyper among women as compared to men. Hashimoto thyroiditis is one of the major causes of hypothyroidism nowadays. Every one out of five cases of hypothyroidism is found to be due to Hashimoto disease.
Hypothyroidism is best depicted by this figure below
Hyperthyroid symptoms are best described below.
. Hair Loss
. Weight Loss
. Rapid Heart Beat
What physicians fail to notice while treating Hypothyroidism?
1. Stress affects thyroid gland functioning
Adrenal gland is known to be stress gland, which releases an important hormone known as Cortisol, a kind of survival hormone released during the time of stress to prepare body for action, but it happens occasionally. A very common example of stress is chronic low calorie diet, which forces the adrenals to work harder to maintain sugar levels by pumping more cortisol into the blood. This helps the muscle tissues to supply energy to vital organs in body like heart and brain. Chronically high cortisol levels directly inhibit the conversion of inactive T4 to active T3 and increases the production of reverse T3 thereby affecting TSH levels. Chronic stress can lead to adrenal fatigue where the cortisol levels can be high or low depending upon the stage.
2. Gut health is important for thyroid functioning
Any kind of dysbiosis or pathogenic infection in GI tract can put the adrenals on fire. If there is chronic infection present in GI tract then body releases more cortisol in order to help the body to cope with increased stressor. Higher cortisol levels make the intestinal mucosa more permeable, leading to more antigens entering into blood stream. This further can result in overactive immune system and increase the chances of Hashimoto disease. Intestinal dysbiosis is a term used for the imbalanced gut flora which is important for thyroid activity. Poor digestive system also depletes the body of essential nutrients required for proper functioning of thyroid gland and its hormones like iron, zinc, vitamin A & D, selenium and tyrosine.
3. Insulin resistance/dysglycemia inhibits thyroid gland and its hormones production
High or low sugar patterns and inability of the body to maintain sugar levels effectively is known as Dysglycemia/Hypoglycemia. When we eat food high in sugar or refined carbohydrates, processed foods and diet low in fibre, sugar levels rise and drop quickly. When sugar levels drop we feel hungry or if the reverse happens, the body releases more cortisol to tackle the situation. High sugar or refined carbohydrate intake also lead to intestinal dysbiosis or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, which can either cause nutritional deficiencies or lead to more inflammatory state that again puts excess burden on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HTPA Axis).
4. Food sensitivities like Gluten intolerance or sensitivity can lead to Hashimoto disease
Doctors won’t believe that gluten intolerance (Celiac disease) or gluten sensitivity can lead to autoimmune disorder like Hashimoto disease, which is one of leading causes for hypothyroid condition. Gluten sensitivity or intolerance can lead to a condition known as leaky gut syndrome, which is actually a condition where intestinal permeability is compromised. Leaky gut is major cause of autoimmune disease where body’s immune system becomes overactive and in awry it attacks the thyroid cells causing Hashimoto thyroiditis. 5. Environmental toxins are thyroid disruptors
5. Environmental toxins are thyroid disruptors
There are more than 100 chemicals which acts as thyroid disruptors by blocking thyroid hormones from attaching themselves to thyroid receptors on the cells. The chemicals are Bisphenol A (BPA) found in lots of plastic products, PCB’s and dioxins.
How RH+ helps?
RH+ helps you find the underlying cause, triggers or stressors responsible for your thyroid imbalances rather than just focusing on the symptoms. We help you manage your thyroid disease more effectively and in the safest manner possible by using functional nutritional protocol, meeting the nutritional deficiencies, if any, removing the triggers, supporting the body’s vital systems, thyroid gland functioning etc.
If you have been taking thyroid medication for long time and you are not finding a way out or the symptoms associated with hypothyroidism is still prominent, or you have been advised thyroid medication with ever increasing dose whenever you go to your physician, then there is something that you need to consider out of the box.
Are you being told by your physician that you have to take thyroid medication for the rest of your life? Are you still suffering from symptoms like hair fall, skin issues, depression or weakness despite taking your medicines regularly?
Call us. We will change the way you look at medicine and you will be surprised that there are so many possibilities to live your life the way you want.