Taking Blood tests on regular basis if you are above 25 years old is a good idea to keep a track of your health status. These are general tests which anyone can do and take help a Health Care Practitioner to find out if anything is wrong or all is going well. Sometimes tests can be in reference ranges but your body will be telling you that something is not right.

  1. CBC – Complete Blood Count is the basic test you should be doing every year if you are above 25 years of age or every 6 months if you are over 40 years. This profile includes all the leukocyte cell counts such as Lymphocytes, Neutrophils, Eosinophils, Basophils and Monocytes which tells you about any infections or inflammation present in the body. This profile gives you insight about infections, your immune system, red blood cells status and micronutrient deficiencies and different types of anaemias.
  2. Lipid Profile – Lipid profile includes the Cholesterol and related parameters such as LDL, VLDL, Triglycerides and HDL. They indicate how your is metabolising the fats and sugar. High Triglyceride levels with high fasting sugar indicate Insulin Resistance. The cholesterol parameters are related to diet intake and in few cases it is affected by genetics as well. If you want to look more deeper, you can have extended lipid profile which includes LPA (a genetic marker of heart disease) and other lipoproteins such ApoA and ApoB.
  3. HsCRP Highly Sensitive Creative Reactive Protein is an essential marker for any Systemic or Chronic inflammation going on in the body. It usually increases acutely in surgeries or injuries but when levels are consistently high with absence of any physical injury then internal inflammation is suspected. It can arterial inflammation as in case of cardiovascular diseases or due to high insulin or sugar levels as in case of diabetes. This marker can also be used to assess the oxidative capacity of body to deal with the inflammation.
  4. HBA1C – Glycosylated Haemoglobin is known as HBA1C which means the amount of haemoglobin attached to glucose. Glucose is usually transported in body by attaching itself to haemoglobin. The average life of red blood cells is 8-12 weeks measuring the levels give an average for the same amount. More the sugar attached to haemoglobin higher will be the HBA1C. It gives an average glucose levels for 3 months.
  5. Homocysteine – It is a part of protein metabolism and also produced in body during metabolism of amino acid methionine. The higher levels are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and brain strokes. Certain deficiencies like B12, folic acid and B6 leads to excess build up of homocysteine and restrict the optimal metabolism of homocysteine for its excretion.
  6. Vitamin D – It is the most common deficiency worldwide. Vitamin D has been associated to almost every disease out there and it is an important part of immune system and used in various metabolic and physiological processes. It is a fat soluble vitamin and people with fat malabsorption or on antacids suffers the most. Sun exposure is of prime importance rather than just relying on supplementation.
  7. LFT (Liver Function Test) – It includes various tests related to liver function and assess the level of hepatic enzymes which helps in fat metabolism and bile production. Any high or low levels indicate problem with liver function like high bilirubin is connected to hepatitis and higher SGOT and SGPT levels are markers of fatty liver.
  8. KFT (Kidney function test) – It includes the uric acid, creatinine, and other proteins required for transportation of various substrates. It indicates about kidney health and its excretion function. Uric acid is byproduct of purine metabolism and high levels are associated with gout, stones, higher risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
  9. Ferritin – Ferritin levels are better indicator of body’s iron store rather than serum iron status. Serum iron fluctuate on daily basis depending upon the iron intake through food sources. The Ferritin levels are associated with anaemia, hypothyroid and red blood cells functioning. High Ferritin levels are dangerous for body as it can be toxic leading to higher oxidative stress.
  10. Thyroid Profile – Thyroid profile includes TSH, T4, T3 and few labs include antibodies as well to assess autoimmune disease of thyroid gland also. Thyroid gland regulates body weight, metabolism and temperature. High or low TSH can affect weight, mood and metabolism. Thyroid can affect insulin sensitivity proportionately.


  1. Thanks for sharing! The Trainer (RN)* Personal Trainer, “One On One Only”


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